NEW YORK â€“ J.D. Salinger, the legendary author, youth hero and fugitive from fame whose “The Catcher in the Rye” shocked and inspired a world he increasingly shunned, has died. He was 91.
Salinger died ofÂ natural causesÂ at his home on Wednesday, the author’s son said in a statement from Salinger’s literary representative. He had lived for decades in self-imposed isolation in the small, remote house in Cornish, N.H.
“The Catcher in the Rye,” with its immortal teenage protagonist, the twisted, rebelliousÂ Holden Caulfield, came out in 1951, a time of anxious, Cold War conformity and the dawn of modern adolescence. The Book-of-the-Month Club, which made “Catcher” a featured selection, advised that for “anyone who has ever brought up a son” the novel will be “a source of wonder and delight â€” and concern.”
Enraged by all the “phonies” who make “me so depressed I go crazy,” Holden soon becameÂ American literature’s most famous anti-hero sinceÂ Huckleberry Finn. The novel’s sales are astonishing â€” more than 60 million copies worldwide â€” and its impact incalculable. Decades after publication, the book remains a defining expression of that most American of dreams â€” to never grow up.
Salinger was writing for adults, but teenagers from all over identified with the novel’s themes of alienation, innocence and fantasy, not to mention the luck ofÂ having the last word. “Catcher” presents the world as an ever-so-unfair struggle between the goodness of young people and the corruption of elders, a message that only intensified with the oncomingÂ generation gap.
Salinger’s other books don’t equal the influence or sales of “Catcher,” but they are still read, again and again, with great affection and intensity. Critics, at least briefly, rated Salinger as a more accomplished and daring short story writer thanÂ John Cheever.
The collection “Nine Stories” features the classic “A Perfect Day for Bananafish,” the deadpan account of a suicidal Army veteran and the little girl he hopes, in vain, will save him. The novel “Franny and Zooey,” like “Catcher,” is a youthful, obsessively articulated quest for redemption, featuring a memorable argument between Zooey and his mother as he attempts to read in the bathtub.
“Catcher in the Rye” had a profound impact on many alternative artists, particularlyÂ Green Day,Â Third Eye Blind,Â The OffspringÂ and The Movielife.